Coronavirus outbreak – Global health emergency

As per the World Health Organization reports, the new virus named ncov2019 means novel coronavirus 2019 has claimed 5997 infected and 132 lives death. WHO has declared the Corona Virus is a global health emergency. The virus spread started from the city of Wuhan in China. The virus has not only spread in China but also across the globe. With more than 68 cases reported from more than 15 countries, the world health organization has advised people to follow precautionary guidelines to prevent the coronavirus. Before discussing the tips to avoid novel coronavirus, here are some of the facts about the deadly coronavirus that you must know.

What is the 2019 novel coronavirus?

The 2019 novel coronavirus, also known as 2019-nCoV is a new virus that leads to respiratory illness such as a common cold or acute respiratory syndrome. It spreads from human-to-human, and it was first identified in the first week of January 2020, but China had informed the World health organization on 31st December 2019 about the virus. The nCoV2019 belongs to the family of coronaviruses such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle- East respiratory syndrome).

Where the coronavirus originated?

Coronavirus is from a family of viruses. It leads to illness in animals like cattle, camels, bats, and cats. The coronavirus is similar to MERS and SARS. The coronaviruses infect people rarely and spread between people. Several studies in China demonstrate a link to the animal market in Wuhan city where the virus is suspected to emerge from an animal source in the market.

Are people outside china at risk of nCoV-2019?

The virus is originated from a small city of Wuhan in China, but it is spreading quickly across the globe. Several cases have been reported from more than 15 countries such as the US, South Korea, Thailand, Nepal, Japan, France, India, and Sri Lanka. According to the information from the World health organization as on 29th January 2020, almost 68 cases are confirmed from 15 countries, and the global count has reached to 6065. World health organization has assessed that 2019-nCoV is at high risk in the world, and China is a very high risk.

How is coronavirus transmitted?

As per World Health organization as well as CDC, the other viruses such as SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS ( Middle-East Respiratory syndrome) is spread through the respiratory tract via droplets that get transmitted through cough or sneeze. The mode of transmission of the nCoV 2019 might be the same. Transfer in people takes place through droplets by coming in close contact with people or sharing objects.

You must follow the guidelines advised by the World Health Organization to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus 2019 that includes:

  • It would be best if you avoid physical contact with people who are ill
  • You must wash your hands with water and soap for a minimum of 20 seconds
  • It would be best if you did not touch your nose, mouth, and eyes with unwashed hands
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer to clean hands
  • You must cover your nose or mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing and threw it in the trash.
  • You should cover your mouth and nose and discard after a single-use mask and wash your hands properly.

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